Identifying bushfire risks and dangers

WA BAL Report are experts in conducting bushfire attack level assessments and bushfire attack level reports for those living in bushfire-prone areas. However, if you live in a bushfire-prone area, it is likely you will be required to do more to protect yourself from bushfire risk, including identifying the risks and dangers of bushfires. You must remember that flames are not the only risk from bushfire.

Ember Attack

Ember attack occurs before, during and after a fire front passes. Embers include pieces of burning bark, leaves or twigs that are carried by the wind, creating spot fires. Embers can land in your home, garden and gutters and, if not extinguished, could cause the fire to catch fire. Nearly all structural damage caused by a bushfire is due to ember attack.

Radiant Heat

A bushfire will be more intense and produce more radiant heat if it is a hot, dry and windy day. Radiant heat can cause injury and death due to burns and cause the body’s cooling system to fail, leading to heat exhaustion and heart failure. You should include water and appropriate clothing in your emergency kit and consider sheltering from radiant heat.


Smoke can cause lung injuries and suffocation, so it is important to seek shelter from heat and smoke when they are most intense. You should cover your nose and mouth with a dust mask, wet towel or scarf. For people suffering from respiratory conditions including asthma, it is advisable to wear a special filter mask, and include one in your emergency survival kit.

First Aid

You can save lives by learning first aid. Ensure you have a well-stocked first aid kit as part of your survival kit, know what the contents are and how to treat potential injuries such as burns, cuts and falls.

For more information

WA BAL Report are experts at conducting Bushfire Attack Level Assessments, Bushfire Attack Level Reports and bushfire prevention strategies in general in Perth and Western Australia. For more information, contact our friendly staff on 08 6114 9356 or at

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